Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

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DISTRIBUTION in North Carolina: Statewide; found in all provinces, and presumably occurs in all counties.
ABUNDANCE in North Carolina: Overall, uncommon to fairly common. Somewhat more numerous near the coast than elsewhere, and it may be common locally in some tidewater sites. Despite it being considered a common butterfly in the eastern United States, it is not a common butterfly in North Carolina. Interestingly, caterpillars are often seen on garden plants (in the umbel family), but adults seldom seem to be numerous.
FLIGHT PERIOD in North Carolina: Late March to early October; rarely to early November. There are apparently three broods, but the species seems to have a nearly continuous flight period. In the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, abundance peaks in July and August.
Distribution, abundance, flight period, and map information provided by Notes on the Butterflies of North Carolina.
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) 08/04/06 · Watauga County, NC · male
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) 08/04/06 · Watauga County, NC
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) 07/29/06 · Ashe County, NC · female