Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)

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DISTRIBUTION in North Carolina: Mainly coastal, near maritime forests and thickets; scattered records elsewhere, where perhaps mainly a migrant, but possibly resident in the Brushy Mountains, the New River area in Ashe/Alleghany Counties, and in a few other inland locales.
ABUNDANCE in North Carolina: Local, and uncommon to rare, along the coast, in and adjacent to extensive maritime forests and thickets, probably most numerous on Bald Head Island. A colony known for Rocky Face in the Brushy Mountains, but certainly extremely rare and local away from the coast as a resident or migrant.
FLIGHT PERIOD in North Carolina: Supposedly two broods (not obvious from the flight data); recorded from late April through late September; perhaps occurs into October. As the flight dates for the Washington area are "early May - late June, mid-July - late Sept." (Glassberg 1993), the break between broods in NC might be in June rather than July. The first brood in NC seems very rudimentary, with a small flight in late April and May. Obviously, more data are needed, including information on flight periods for the very small populations in the mountains and Piedmont.
Distribution, abundance, flight period, and map information provided by Notes on the Butterflies of North Carolina.
Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) 08/17/08 · Ashe County, NC
Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) 08/17/08 · Ashe County, NC
Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) 08/24/08 · Ashe County, NC